筆記:2007年競賽方式﹝2007 Rules of Competition

MLS 2007年度共有13支隊伍,分兩區域:東區﹝
Eastern Conference ﹞與西區﹝Western Conference﹞,東區有七隊、西區有六隊,名稱如下:

東區:芝加哥火燄﹝Chicago Fire﹞, 哥倫布伙伴﹝Columbus Crew﹞, 特區聯﹝D.C. United﹞, 堪薩斯巫師﹝Kansas City Wizards﹞, 紐約紅牛﹝New York Red Bulls﹞,新英格蘭革命﹝New England Revolution﹞,多倫多﹝Toronto FC﹞

西區:切瓦士﹝Chivas USA﹞, 科羅拉多急流﹝Colorado Rapids﹞, 達拉斯﹝FC Dallas﹞, 休斯頓發電機﹝Houston Dyanmo﹞, 洛杉磯銀河﹝Los Angeles Galaxy﹞, 皇家鹽湖城﹝Real Salt Lake﹞

﹝*中文譯名參考自:MLS 季初分析 by JUNStudio

每一季各隊將進行三十場正規賽,與其他十二支隊伍各進行兩場比賽,主、客各一,共二十四場比賽;另外六場則與同區隊伍再各別進行一場比賽。每場賽事結束後依勝負累積積分:勝隊得三分積分、平手則兩隊各得積分一分,吞敗隊伍此場賽事不獲任何積分。所有MLS賽事中的裁判都必須為國家級裁判﹝
National Referees﹞且須與美國足球聯盟﹝United States Soccer Federation簽約之。

關於裁判條件可參考MLS Referee Policy,相關資料可參照USSF Referee Programs


Game Clock:
The official game time for all Major League Soccer games will be managed on the field by the referee. If necessary, the referee may also allot extra time (a.k.a. "stoppage time) at the end of each period (first half, second half, first overtime period and second overtime period) to allow for injuries, time-wasting or other disturbances.

The stadium clock will display the time from 0:00 to 45:00 and from 45:00 to 90:00 (plus stoppage time where applicable in each half). For statistical purposes, the minutes for goals, substitutions, yellow cards, etc., will be listed from the first minute until the 90th minute. A goal scored at 15 minutes 10 seconds will be listed as having been scored in the 11th minute. Events occurring during stoppage time will follow the international norm by being demarcated with a "+" sign and the extra minutes. For example, a goal scored three minutes into first half stoppage time will be officially identified as happening at "48+".

Game Day rosters:
Starting in 2007 each team can nominate 18 players for a game day roster. Teams are allowed three substitutions per game.

Cautions and Suspension:
A player will be suspended for one game upon receiving his fifth yellow card - regardless of the nature of the infraction which resulted in his being awarded a yellow card. A second suspension of one game would result after the awarding of an additional three cards as would a third suspension after the awarding of card number eleven.

MLS Cup Playoff Format and Team-Standings Tie-Breakers:

Who Qualifies: Eight teams will qualify for the playoffs - the top two teams in each conference plus the remaining four teams, regardless of conference, that have the most points in the standings upon the completion of the their 30-game regular season.

The seeding would look like this:

4 teams:
1) 聯盟
1) Conference Champ with highest point total (Supporters Shield Winner)
2) The other Conference Champion
3) Conference runner up with highest point total
4) Conference Champ runner up with the point total lower than the other Conference Champ runner-up

Of the remaining 9 teams, an additional 4 teams will qualify as follows:
5) Team with the highest point total (regardless of conference)
6) Team with 2nd highest point total (regardless of conference)
7) Team with 3rd highest point total (regardless of conference)
8) Team with 4th highest point total (regardless of conference)

In the first round, the match-up's shall be: 1 v. 8; 2 v. 7; 3 v. 6; 4 v. 5

Playoff Format: Conference Semifinal series are conducted in a home-and-home, aggregate-goal format. The lower seeded team in the Conference Semifinal hosts the first game. The winners of those four series advance to single-game Conference Championships that will determine the MLS Cup Finalists.

The team that scores the most goals in the home-and-home series advances to the single elimination Conference Championship. If the teams are tied after 180 minutes in the Conference Semifinal series, a 30-minute extra time period (divided into two 15-minute periods) will be played followed by kicks from the penalty mark, if necessary. The team with the higher seed between the two Conference finalists will host the Conference Championship game.

In the case of ties after 90 minutes of regulation in the Eastern and Western Conference Championship games and MLS Cup, 30 minutes of extra time (divided into two 15-minute periods) would be played followed by kicks from the penalty mark, if necessary, to determine the winners.

若是有些隊伍積分相同時將如何決定誰在前在後?

The team awarded the highest position in the MLS standings will be the team with the greatest number of points (3 points for a win, 1 point for a tie, 0 points for a loss). In the event that two teams finish the regular season with an equal number of points, the following system will be used to break the tie:

1) The highest position shall be awarded to the team with the better win/loss record in current regular season games against all other teams equal in points. (head-to-head competition)

2) If the teams are still equal in the standings, the highest position shall be awarded to the team with the greater goal difference against all other teams during the regular season. (goal differential)

3) If the teams are still equal in the standings, the highest position shall be awarded to the team scoring the greatest number of total goals against all other teams during the regular season. (total goals)

4) If the teams are still equal in the standings, the procedures described in this section shall be applied only to games played on the road by each team against all other teams during the regular season. (road 1-3)

5) If the teams are still equal in the standings, the procedures described in this section shall be applied only to games played at home by each team against all other teams during the regular season. (home 1-3)

6) If the teams are still equal in the standings, the highest position shall be awarded to the team with the fewest team disciplinary points in the League Fair Play table during the regular season.

7) If the teams are still equal in the standings, the highest position in the standings shall be determined by the toss of a coin.

NOTE: If two clubs remain tied after another club with the same number of points advances during any step, the tie breaker reverts to step 1 of the two-club format.

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